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Bura vətəndir: Laza kültürünün inciləri


Bura Vətəndir: The Beauty and Pride of Azerbaijan




If you ever visit Azerbaijan, you will probably hear or see the phrase "bura vətəndir" many times. It means "this is the homeland" in Azerbaijani, and it is a slogan that expresses the love and pride of the Azerbaijani people for their country and culture. The slogan was popularized during the Nagorno-Karabakh War in the early 1990s, when Azerbaijan fought to defend its territorial integrity against Armenian aggression. Since then, it has become a symbol of national unity and identity, as well as a reminder of the sacrifices and achievements of the Azerbaijani people.


Azerbaijan is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, bordered by Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, and Turkey. It has a rich and diverse history, culture, cuisine, tourism, and natural beauty that make it a fascinating destination for travelers. Here are some of the main features and attractions of Azerbaijan that will make you say "bura vətəndir".




bura vətəndir



History




Azerbaijan has a long and complex history that spans thousands of years. It was home to ancient civilizations such as Caucasian Albania, which was one of the first Christian states in the world. It was also part of various empires such as Persia, Parthia, Sassanid, Arab, Mongol, Turkic, Safavid, Ottoman, Russian, and Soviet. Azerbaijan gained its independence in 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, but was soon incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920. It regained its independence in 1991 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.


Azerbaijan's history is reflected in its diverse and impressive monuments and heritage sites. Some of the most notable ones are:


  • The Old City of Baku, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that contains medieval buildings such as the Maiden Tower and the Palace of Shirvanshahs.



  • The Gobustan National Park, which is another UNESCO World Heritage Site that contains ancient rock art dating back to 10,000 BC.



  • The Ateshgah Fire Temple, which is a Zoroastrian temple that was later used by Hindu and Sikh pilgrims.



  • The Sheki Khan's Palace, which is a masterpiece of Islamic architecture that was built in the 18th century.



  • The Karabakh region, which is a historical and cultural part of Azerbaijan that has been occupied by Armenia since 1994.



Culture




Azerbaijan's culture is a mixture of European and Middle Eastern cultures, with influences from Turkish, Iranian, Caucasian, Russian, and Islamic traditions. The majority of the population are Azerbaijanis, who speak a Turkic language. There are also minority groups of other ethnicities and religions.


Azerbaijan's culture is marked by respect for women, hospitality for guests, appreciation for gifts, and love for arts and literature. Some of the aspects of Azerbaijan's culture are:


  • The tea culture, which involves drinking tea from pear-shaped glasses called armuda with sugar cubes.



  • The carpet culture, which involves weaving intricate carpets with symbolic patterns and colors.



  • The music culture, which involves playing traditional instruments such as tar (a lute), kamancha (a bowed string instrument), balaban (a wind instrument), and nagara (a drum).



  • The literature culture, which involves reading and writing poetry and prose by famous authors such as Nizami Ganjavi , Fuzuli , Mirza Fatali Akh - The literature culture, which involves reading and writing poetry and prose by famous authors such as Nizami Ganjavi, Fuzuli, Mirza Fatali Akhundov, Samad Vurgun, and Elchin Efendiyev.



Cuisine




Azerbaijan's cuisine is a fusion of Turkish, Iranian, Caucasian, and Russian cuisines, with a variety of dishes that are rich in flavor and spices. The main ingredients are meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, herbs, and dairy products. The most common dishes are:


  • Plov, which is a rice dish cooked with meat, dried fruits, nuts, and saffron.



  • Dolma, which is a dish of stuffed grape leaves or vegetables with minced meat and rice.



  • Kebab, which is a dish of grilled meat on skewers with vegetables and bread.



  • Kufta, which is a dish of meatballs made from minced meat and spices.



  • Dushbara, which is a soup of small dumplings filled with meat and herbs.



Azerbaijan's cuisine is also known for its desserts and sweets, such as baklava, halva, shekerbura, pakhlava, and gogal. The most popular drinks are tea, sherbet (a sweet drink made from fruits or flowers), ayran (a yogurt drink), and narsharab (a pomegranate sauce).


Tourism




Azerbaijan is a tourist-friendly country that offers a variety of attractions and activities for visitors. It has a visa-free regime for citizens of many countries, and it has modern infrastructure and facilities. Some of the reasons to visit Azerbaijan are:


  • The Baku Boulevard, which is a promenade along the Caspian Sea that features parks, fountains, cafes, museums, and monuments.



  • The Yanar Dag, which is a natural gas fire that burns continuously on a hillside near Baku.



  • The Mud Volcanoes, which are geological formations that spew mud and gas from the ground.



  • The Absheron National Park, which is a nature reserve that hosts various wildlife species such as gazelles, jackals, foxes, and birds.



  • The Quba District, which is a mountainous region that has scenic views, waterfalls, forests, and villages.



Natural Beauty




Azerbaijan is blessed with natural beauty that ranges from mountains to plains to lakes to seas. It has nine out of the eleven climatic zones in the world, which means it has diverse landscapes and ecosystems. Some of the natural wonders of Azerbaijan are:


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  • The Greater Caucasus Mountains , which are the highest mountain range in Europe that span across Azerbaijan , Georgia , and Russia .



  • The Caspian Sea , which is the largest inland body of water in the world that borders Azerbaijan , Iran , Kazakhstan , Russia , and Turkmenistan .



  • The Lake Goygol , which is a lake formed by an earthquake in 1139 that has crystal clear water and surrounded by forests.



  • The Shirvan National Park , which is a wetland area that hosts migratory birds such as flamingos , pelicans , and swans .



  • The Naftalan Oil Field , which is a unique oil field that produces medicinal oil that is used for treating various diseases.



Conclusion




Azerbaijan is a country that has a lot to offer to its people and visitors. It has a rich and diverse history , culture , cuisine , tourism , and natural beauty that make it a unique and attractive destination. It is no wonder that the Azerbaijani people say "bura vətəndir" with pride and love for their homeland. If you want to experience the beauty and pride of Azerbaijan for yourself , you should visit this amazing country and see what it has to offer. You will not regret it!


FAQs




What is the capital of Azerbaijan?




The capital of Azerbaijan is Baku , which is also the largest city in the country. It has a population of about 4 million people. It is located on the coast of the Caspian Sea.


What is the currency of Azerbaijan?




The currency of Azerbaijan is the manat , which is divided into 100 qapik. The exchange rate as of June 2021 is 1 USD = 1.7 AZN.


What is the official language of Azerbaijan?




The official language of Azerbaijan is Azerbaijani , which is a The official language of Azerbaijan is Azerbaijani, which is a Turkic language that belongs to the Oghuz branch. It is closely related to Turkish, Turkmen, and Qashqai. It is written in the Latin script, but it was also written in the Arabic and Cyrillic scripts in the past.


What are some of the holidays and festivals in Azerbaijan?




Some of the holidays and festivals in Azerbaijan are:


  • Nowruz, which is the Persian New Year that is celebrated on March 21 with bonfires, music, dancing, and traditional food.



  • Victory Day, which is the day that commemorates the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War on May 8, 1994 with parades, speeches, and ceremonies.



Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr, which are the Islamic holy month of fasting and the festival of breaking the fast that are celebrated with prayers, ch


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